Scientists were appalled to find 29 kilograms of garbage and plastic — including bags, ropes, nets and even a drum — inside the stomach of a young sperm whale that recently washed up on a beach in Spain.
The 6-ton, 33-foot-long creature was discovered near a lighthouse in Cabo de Palos in the region of Murcia on Feb. 27, the regional government said in a statement last week. A necropsy revealed it was killed by “gastric shock” to its stomach and intestines after ingesting the trash.
“Experts found the inner walls of the whale’s abdomen to be inflamed due to a bacterial or fungal infection,” the British newspaper reported. “This is likely a result of the whale unable to expel the plastics from its system, resulting in peritonitis.”
Officials said the dead whale is just the latest example of the troubling effect pollution is having on the world’s oceans and urged residents to clean up after themselves.
“The presence of plastics in seas and oceans is one of the greatest threats to the conservation of wildlife throughout the world, as many animals are trapped in the trash or ingest large amounts of plastics that end up causing death,” Consuelo Rosauro, the local government’s general director of natural environment, said in an online statement.
The sperm whale, which feeds almost exclusively on squid and has an average lifespan of 70 years, is protected under the Spanish Catalogue of Endangered Species as well as the US Endangered Species Conservation Act.
Pollution is problematic for the environment and humans, but it’s especially troubling for marine life, like the sperm whale.
A 2014 study published in a Public Library of Science journal revealed there’s a minimum of 5 trillion pieces of plastic (weighing 268,940 tons) in our world’s oceans — and that amount is only expected to grow.
A “floating” island of trash, dubbed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, stretches 600,000 square miles across the Pacific Ocean, according to a study published in Scientific Reports in late March. It’s more than twice the size of Texas and three times the size of France.
The trash pile has nearly doubled in size since October 2016, containing at least 79,000 tons of plastic — “a figure four to 16 times higher than previously reported,” Scientific Reports said.
“We must tackle [this problem] through clean-up actions and, above all, awareness of citizens,” Rosauro suggested.
In response to the whale’s death, the government of Murcia is launching a campaign to combat ocean waste and protect what officials call “priority species,” including the sperm whale, bottlenose dolphin, gray pilot whale, among others.
The campaign will see an awareness drive designed to encourage citizens in the Murcia region to dispose of rubbish responsibly. It will also involve new research programmes designed to monitor the extent of plastic waste off the coast and effect on marine life.
Murcia boasts several environmentally protected sites along its coastline, including the Mar Menor, one of the few nesting sites in Spain of the endangered loggerhead turtle.
Volunteers will be asked to participate in beach clear up operations across the Murcia coast.
“The awareness campaign includes 11 actions to clean beaches, using the protocol of action of ‘Ocean Conservancy,’ which allows obtaining data on the type and quantity of marine litter,” the government explained, adding that officials will give nearly 20 presentations on the topic spread throughout the year.
By Jennifer Earl. Source: New York Post