We are going to have a huge water supply problem by 2030. A report by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research warned that deteriorating water quality could lead to the depletion of freshwater resources even sooner than 2030 if South Africa experiences prolonged droughts. The call for help has been heard by scientists and researchers at the Stellenbosch Water Institute.
The institute, which forms part of the Universityâ€™s well-known Hope Project, was officially launched at a Gala event at Wallenberg on World Water Day. Prof Russel Botman, vice chancellor of Stellenbosch University and Ms Naledi Pandor, Minister of Science and Technology attended.
‘People donâ€™t like to be called poor,â€ said Prof Eugene Cloete, the Dean of the Faculty of Science at Stellenbosch University. ‘The Water Institute is creating WEALTH to make the world a better place: Water, Energy, Agriculture, Land, Technology and Health.â€
Masters and PhDs work for water
Cloete refers to the Stellenbosch Water Institute as a collective institute with a disciplinary team of researchers. The Institute has 50 masters and PhD students on board. They are funded by the South African government and the European Union. ‘We are a national asset. Simple technology can make a big difference.â€
‘A good plan aims to avoid water wastage and polluting. We need total recycling,â€ said Cloete. ‘This will bring hope, dignity and security to the population. Polluted water carries major health consequences, especially due to droughts and water-borne diseases.â€
Dr RusselBotman, Vice Chancellor of Stellenbosch University, said it was worrying that our water situation is so critical. ‘Life canâ€™t exist without water. And then you find out it takes more than 140 litres to make a canned fizzy drink. We have to think more about our lifestyles.â€
Contaminated water kills thousands
‘16,000 die in South Africa of diarrhoeal diseases each year. The instituteâ€™s research will be used to tackle problems and make a real change. We must secure sustainable solutions with the help of science,â€ Botman said.
‘Stellenbosch University is an institute that works and we like things that work,â€ said Ms Naledi Pandor, Minister of Science and Technology at the launch of the Water Institute. ‘We have to bear the Millennium Development Goals in mind constantly. The MDGs werenâ€™t agreed upon just to have a nice set of goals, they are real and legitimate.â€ She added: ‘Unfortunately the goal of halving the number of people without access to water and sanitation by 2015 will not be met. It has however started to focus sectors to relieve problems and change societies. More recognition is also given to progress being made. South Africans donâ€™t like to talk about progress; we like to immerse ourselves in negativity.â€
‘Climate change is already affecting our water supply. The dry areas in South Africa are growing. Science plays a critical role in helping to sustain the progress. Our solutions should also provide job opportunities and encourage green businesses.â€
Pandor believes South Africa tends to underfund those who create green enterprises or those who rely on green knowledge. ‘We are focusing narrowly on creating new knowledge, instead of applying old knowledge. We need to shift our resources and support green businesses.â€
Food and energy compete for fresh water
‘Reports say in the near future 42% of the worldâ€™s water supply will only be coming from four countries, and South Africa is one of them. We plan to protect and enhance our natural resources.â€ She added: ‘70% of our fresh water goes towards agriculture. Only 30% is used in industries or for households. Food and energy are starting to compete for fresh water, and we canâ€™t afford to have hostile competition in that way. We need to help the rest of Africa and build a sustainable continent, altering the lives of the poor and vulnerable.â€
There are some famous quotes guiding the Water Institute: ‘The thing about water, is you that you have to have itâ€ (Tom Pankratz â€“ editor of Water Desalination Report) and ‘We forget that the water cycle and life cycles are oneâ€ (Jacques Cousteau â€“ ecologist).The Stellenbosch Water Institute looks at a wide variety of issues concerning water in South Africa, including science, innovation, health, pollution, water management, hydrodynamics, water engineering and education.